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“赤水竹旅”!联合国官方微博微信介绍贵州赤水丹霞地貌及非遗

近日,联合国官方微博、微信刊发#遗产青年说# 《遗产青年说 | 赤水竹旅》《遗产青年说 | 青年讲述中国丹霞贵州赤水的故事》等稿件,介绍贵州赤水丹霞地貌及非遗。具体情况如下:

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#遗产青年说# 贵州赤水丹霞地处四川盆地和云贵高原结合部的中国最大的丹霞分布区,这里拥有最为典型的阶梯式河谷与最为壮观的丹霞瀑布群。2010年8月1日,由六处系列提名地组成的“中国丹霞”被联合国教科文组织列入#世界遗产名录#。

世界自然遗产和文化遗产是人类的共同财富。青年正是未来文化多样性和遗产保护的中坚力量。在中国丹霞世界遗产地11周年之际,中国传媒大学的“居有竹”青年志愿者团队前往贵州赤水,体验并记录了当地的遗产资源和文化生活,与赤水竹雕工艺的传承人进行交流。志愿者们对赤水的文化和自然遗产形成了更为立体的认识,也为非遗传承人提供了传播上的帮助。

视频介绍中国丹霞世界遗产地贵州赤水拥有130万亩竹林,是中国十大竹乡之一。绿色的竹林和红色的丹霞地貌交织成了赤水独特的美景。世世代代生活于此的赤水人民用巧手和智慧,把这里丰富的竹资源变成了竹编、竹雕等精美工艺品和生活用品,也变成了灵巧的水路交通工具“独竹漂”。这个夏天,几位青年带我们一同走进赤水,领会竹子对当地社区和文化的重要意义。

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遗产青年说 | 青年讲述中国丹霞贵州赤水的故事

(English version below)

贵州赤水丹霞地处四川盆地和云贵高原结合部的中国最大的丹霞分布区,高原的剧烈抬升与流水的强烈下切造成了地形的巨大反差。这里发育了最为典型的阶梯式河谷与最为壮观的丹霞瀑布群,成为青年早期-高原峡谷型丹霞的代表。2010年8月1日,由六处系列提名地组成的“中国丹霞”被联合国教科文组织列入《世界遗产名录》。

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  赤水大瀑布 戴骊颖

在中国丹霞世界遗产地11周年之际,中国传媒大学的“居有竹”青年志愿者团队前往贵州赤水,体验并记录了当地的遗产资源和文化生活,与赤水竹雕工艺省级非遗传承人卢华英结成了对子。志愿者们对赤水的文化和自然遗产形成了更为立体的认识,也为非遗传承人提供了传播上的帮助。

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青年志愿者团队与非遗传承人卢华英结对子仪式@韦布花

赤水的森林覆盖率达82.51%,拥有大量的生物资源,其中以竹资源最为著名,竹林面积达130万亩,被誉为中国十大竹乡之一。在得天独厚的自然条件下,以竹产业为代表的各类特色生态产业产生,并逐渐形成了当地丰富的文化遗产。赤水的竹雕工艺、竹编工艺、独竹漂、晒醋制作技艺等先后被列入中国各级非物质文化遗产代表性项目名录中。

志愿者们先后走访了赤水大瀑布景区、卢华英竹雕工艺非遗扶贫就业工坊、牟小燕“竹西施”竹编工作坊、大同古镇和曾氏晒醋园区,以视频、图片、文字等形式记录了当地的自然遗产和各类非物质文化遗产。青年志愿者们体验了竹雕和竹编的制作,并向上述非遗从业者们了解了关于非遗项目的起源、发展和自身学艺情况等内容。

一直以来竹子都是赤水当地居民重要的生计资源,竹子的潜能在赤水得到了极大的开发。它们以竹簪、竹包、竹灯罩、竹盘、竹茶具、竹伞等各种形式出现在赤水人民的日常生活中,甚至细长的竹竿还被用作交通工具和表演道具,形成了“独竹漂”这种独特的北民间绝技。

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  独竹漂@韦布花

进入21世纪,竹子因其强大的“固碳减排”作用又被赋予了新的使命。耐用的竹制品不仅能够避免碳快速释放到大自然中,还可以替代塑料的使用,减少“白色污染”。这些产生于岁月长河中的自然遗产和文化遗产又在新时代中重新焕发生机,成为推动当地可持续发展的重要资源。

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  “竹西施”竹编工作坊中的竹编作品!韦布花

“遗产青年说”是联合国教科文组织 - 中国青少年发展基金会梅赛德斯-奔驰星愿基金《中国世界遗产地保护和管理》项目四期框架的三年期线上线下传播项目,旨在鼓励青年参与遗产宣传和传播。今年夏天,青年志愿者的足迹已经到达了中国南方喀斯特云南石林和中国丹霞贵州赤水,欢迎更多的青年朋友在微博、微信视频号和B站等平台参与#遗产青年说#、#Heritage So Young#话题投稿和互动。

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(“遗产青年说”中国传媒大学项目团队提供中文稿件)

  Youth telling the stories of Chishui, Guizhou China Danxia World Heritage site

Chishui Danxia is located in the junction of Sichuan Basin and Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, and is the largest Danxia distribution area in China. The sharp uplift of the plateau and the intense undercutting of river bank shaped its rugged topography, with stepped river valley terrain and the spectacular Danxia waterfalls have developed characteristic of the early stages of geomorphology of the plateau-canyon Danxia landscape. On 1 August, 2010, “China Danxia”, which consists of six nominated sites, was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

On the 11th anniversary of China Danxia, a group of young volunteers from Communication University of China embarked on a field excursion to Chishui, Guizhou Province to experience and document the heritage resource and cultural lives of Chishui, and formed pairs with Ms. Lu Huaying, a provincial living heritage bearer for bamboo carving. Through this excursion, the young volunteers developed a sounder understanding of Chishui's cultural and natural heritage, and also provided technical support on communicating heritage values to living heritage bearers.

82.51% of Chishui's land area is covered with forests. Among the abundant biological resources that Chishui has in stock, bamboo resource is the most iconic. With over 86,600 hectares of bamboo forests, Chishui is known as the ten greatest bamboo habitats in China. With its unique advantage in natural resource, Chishui developed a range of bamboo-related eco-industries, and local communities living here for generations gave rise to many living heritage elements such as bamboo carving, bamboo weaving, bamboo floating and vinegar making, which have been inscribed to national and provincial lists for living heritage in China.

The volunteers visited the Chishui Great Waterfall scenic area, Ms. Lu Huaying's bamboo carving living heritage for poverty alleviation workstation, Ms. Mou Xiaoyan's “Bamboo Beauty” bamboo weaving workstation,D atong Ancient Town, and the Zeng-shi vinegar-making compound. They documented the natural heritage and living heritage of Chishui through videos, photographs and text, and experienced the making of bamboo carving and weaving. They also learned about the origins, development and apprenticeship of living heritage from practitioners and professionals.

Since ancient times, bamboo has been an important source of income for the people in Chishui, and local people discovered the many potentials of bamboo. Bamboo enters local people's daily lives in various forms, such as hairpins, totes, lampshades, plates, tea utensils and umbrellas. They are even used as means of transportation and performance, such as the eye-opening “bamboo floating” skills in northern Guizhou.

Into the 21st Century, bamboo shoulders new responsibilities with its strong capacity in carbon fixation and emission reduction. Durable bamboo products not only reduce the amount of CO2 emission into the atmosphere, but also have potential of replacing plastic use. These natural heritage and living heritage crafts find new vitality in the new era, and is becoming an important driving force for sustainable development.

“Heritage So Young” is a three-year communication activity within the framework of UNESCO - China Youth Development Foundation Mercedes-Benz Star Fund “Conservation and Management of World Heritage Sites in China” Phase IV, which aims to encourage youth participation in sharing and communicating heritage values. This summer, young volunteers have left their footsteps at Shilin of South China Karst World Heritage site and Chishui of China Danxia World Heritage site. We also welcome young friends to join the #HeritageSoYoung# dialogue on Weibo, WeChat video, and Bilibili.

 来源 联合国官方微博

 来源:当代先锋网  责任编辑: 三石天下

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